Necessary vaccinations for your ferret


Ferrets are becoming a more common pet in homes so you have to be well informed of the care that must be provided to grow safe and sound.

For some years now, more and more homes have chosen pets other than dogs or cats and, Ferrets are gaining prominence among Spanish families. Ferrets have a small size to adapt to all spaces, they do not usually measure more than 50 centimeters, and weigh from 700 grams to two kilos. In addition, they have a beautiful coat and a nice character that makes them attractive.

When we acquire the commitment to an animal we must always know that it will have a v>

Also, as with any cat or dog They need us to deworm them both internally and externally. Internal deworming is very simple, they will only take a small pill. Ask your trusted expert for the best treatment for your new pet. What are the vaccines that we should give our ferret? The most dangerous diseases for this animal are distemper and rabies.

The distemper

This is the main vaccine we should give our ferret. It is not mandatory but their disease is usually fatal in these animals. It is transmitted by air, by contact of fluids with other sick animals, contact with blankets, toys, etc. (not only ferrets but also dogs). Mainly, It affects the nervous, respiratory and gastrointestinal system. Currently, in our country we do not have a vaccine approved exclusively for ferrets, so canine distemper vaccines are used. Our veterinarian, examining and knowing our animal will propose the brand that best suits our pet.

One point to keep in mind is that The ferret while breastfeeding is protected against this disease, since the mother's milk protects him from this dangerous ailment. The first dose against distemper should be administered from 6 to 8 weeks of age. The second dose from 9 to 11 weeks. The third dose from 12 to 14 weeks of the ferret. Once the animal is an adult it will be enough to vaccinate it once a year. Another aspect to consider for the vaccination of Moquillo in females is that, if they are pregnant, vaccination should be postponed so as not to harm the fetuses.

You may know that rabies in our country, Spain, has been eradicated since the early 1970s, but countries close to ours still suffer outbreaks of this horrible disease. This virus It contracts through bites or through mucous fluids. First it affects the central nervous system and then the vital organs. The animal dies between a week and ten days after the appearance of its first signs.

The vaccine of rage The animal should be placed from its third month of life. And subsequently, Annual or bi-annual reminders are held. This antivirus sometimes causes secondary sequelae such as vomiting or drowsiness.

In some autonomous communities of our country not mandatory such treatment as is the case with Catalonia, Galicia and Basque Country, but keep in mind that if you are going to travel to any other part of the country it will be mandatory that your ferret meets the minimum vaccination requirements of that community.

On the other hand, the communities that force the ferret to vaccinate against rabies annually They are: Andalucía, Aragón, Baleares, Canarias, Cantabria, Castilla-León, Madrid and the cities of Ceuta and Melilla. The cities that force you to vaccinate at least biannually They are: Asturias, Castilla-La Mancha, Extremadura, Murcia Navarra, La Rioja and Valencia.

To avoid reactions to this antivirus put to the animal it is advisable to leave at least two weeks of difference between a vaccine and the next dose, either a dose of this or a different one, so we will reduce risks. We must never neglect the vaccination schedule of the animal, since it is not difficult to take it once a year to the veterinarian to pass a check-up and check your health.

As you could read, it's easy to keep the vaccination schedule, since they only need two specific vaccines to live in good conditions. If you decide to include a ferret in your home you must remember that they are carnivorous so they must have a specific diet designed for them, they cannot eat dog or cat feed.

Vaccination is necessary.

Do you remember our Article "Vaccines ... prevention is better"We were talking about the importance of vaccinating our dog. The ferret is not a dog, nor a cat, but it is a living being that is exposed - like us - to the attack of virus Y bacteria which can lead to pathologies of great importance. Thus, it is essential that, as adopters of a ferret, we know the diseases most important they may suffer and also how prevent them using the vaccines.

REMEMBER: "Vaccinate" is to introduce a minimum dose of the disease into the body so that the immune system detects it and manufactures the necessary defenses that destroy it.

The most important diseases to which our ferret is exposed are two: the distemper and the Rage.

El Moquillo:

The main vaccine that we should administer to our ferret is that of the distemper. It is not mandatory, but essential to protect them from this important and deadly disease. The distemper is a very serious disease to which, unfortunately, they are extremely sensitive Our ferrets. It is transmitted by air, by contact with fluids of sick animals (not only ferrets but also dogs), by contact with beds, toys, blankets ... used by sick animals .... It affects the respiratory system, the gastrointestinal, the nervous ... It is of a tremendous virulence (very contagious) and its level of death It is extremely high. In Spain We do not have vaccines approved against distemper exclusively for ferrets. In the United States the Fervac-D, while in Britain it is marketed Vaxites-D. Other vaccines such as Galaxy-D Y Purevax-D (recombinant), have also been tested with very good results. In our country ferrets are inoculated with some specific vaccines for canine distemper for example, Nobivac Puppy-D. But let's not worry about the "technical" issues: Our vet, knowing the special characteristics of our pet, we will propose the most appropriate brand of vaccine. While the ferret is breastfeeding - from week 0 to approximately 6 - it is protected against distemper thanks to the milk of the mother. The risk starts from weaning. Thus, most veterinarians recommend the following Vaccination Guidelines for our ferret:

6- 8 weeks1st dose 9 - 11 weeks2nd dose 12 - 14 weeks3rd dose AdultAnnual (once a year)

As you can see, the administration of the vaccine is advised three times. Some veterinarians only propose two inoculations, but it is shown that this quantity would insufficient, would not fully protect our pet in case of a distemper outbreak.

REMEMBER: Only ferrets who enjoy a perfect state of health should be vaccinated. If your ferret is pregnant, it is advisable to postpone the application of the vaccine so as not to harm the fetuses.

As you know, rage in Spain is eradicated since the late 70s but countries very close to ours still suffer outbreaks of this terrible disease. Thus, many of our Autonomous Communities "force" to vaccinate pets, be they dogs, cats or ferrets. Do you remember the picture of Autonomous Communities that force vaccinations against rabies ?:

AndalusiaMandatory: Annual AragonMandatory: Annual AsturiasMandatory: Biannual BalearicsMandatory: Annual Canary IslandsMandatory: Annual CantabriaMandatory: Annual Castilla la ManchaMandatory: Biannual Castilla-LeonMandatory: Annual CataloniaNot mandatory Ceuta and melillaMandatory: Annual EstremaduraMandatory: Biannual GaliciaNot mandatory MadridMandatory: Annual MurciaMandatory: Biannual NavarreMandatory: Biannual Basque CountryNot mandatory The RiojaMandatory: Biannual ValenciaMandatory: Biannual

As you can see, the rabies vaccine is mandatory in all Autonomous Communities except in Catalonia, Galicia and the Basque Country. But, attention, if you go to travel with your ferret, they will require you to be vaccinated, so…. The rabies vaccine is given to ferrets from their third month of life and subsequently revaccinated annual or biannually. It is important that we know that many ferrets suffer adverse reactions to this vaccine - vomiting, drowsiness… -. After the vaccine, watch your pet carefully and if you detect any of these symptoms, take him immediately to the vet.

REMEMBER: Prevention is the best weapon we have the mascoteros.