Brachycephalic dog breeds


Flat-nosed dogs often suffer respiratory problems of varying severity. In these cases it is necessary to take corrective measures from the beginning of the process since, if not, the picture will get worse and endanger the life of the pet.

These problems can arise in any of the races considered brachycephalic: Chihuahua, Bulldog, King Charles Spaniel, Carlino, Boston Terrier, Maltese, Pekingese, Pinscher, ShihTzu, Yorkshire terrier and boxer. Among them are the English bulldog, the French bulldog and the Pug or Carlino who concentrate a greater number of cases.

What is brachycephalic dog syndrome (SPB)?

It is a set of respiratory symptoms (and, often, digestive) presented by flat-nosed dogs as a result of the selection made by man.

Brachycephalic dogs may have one or more of the following problems: nose with very narrow openings, excessively developed nasal turbinates, very long and thick palate veil, and small diameter trachea.

When the dog suffers from one or several of the above problems, a chronic respiratory distress condition occurs that worsens over time and can lead to the appearance of two other disorders that complicate and aggravate the process: the erosion of the laryngeal ventricles and collapse of larynx

The breathing difficulty becomes more evident in moments of excitement, heat or when the dog is asleep.

What should I do if my dog ​​suffers from a brachycephalic dog syndrome?

It is necessary to start acting at an early age to avoid aggravating problems and the appearance of secondary complications. The currently recommended sequence is as follows:

  1. After 4-6 months, the nose should be checked. If the nasal openings are very narrow, corrective surgery is necessary. This is the first problem in importance. The correction should be made at this age since delaying it leads to a thickening of the palate veil and can cause the erosion of the laryngeal ventricles and the collapse of the trachea.
  2. If after the nose surgery the dog continues to have respiratory difficulties it is recommended to do a CT scan. This test will allow us to see the nose inside and assess the size of the nasal turbinates. On many occasions, especially in very flat dogs, the turrets take up a lot of space inside the nose. This is the second problem in importance. If it happens, the only way to correct it is to do a surgery called partial turbinectomy.
  3. At one year of age, the nose (if not operated) and the palate veil should be checked again. If it is very long and covers the trachea inlet, it should be operated to improve the air intake.
  4. In dogs that have been suffering from the problem for some time, the chronic increase in inspiratory pressure can lead to the erosion of fleshy structures that dogs have in the larynx: the laryngeal ventricles. If this problem appears, the laryngeal obstruction caused by this erosion should be assessed. Except in severe cases, in which it is essential to remove the ventricles, steps 1-3 must first be solved since, often the erosion of the laryngeal ventricles is reversible if the problems of the nose and veil of the palate are resolved.
  5. In dogs that have been suffering from the increase in inspiratory pressure for years as a result of an SPB, a deformation and weakening of the laryngeal cartilage leads to a collapse of the larynx. This situation is extremely dangerous as it compromises the entry of air into the lungs. The solution goes through complex surgeries, and not always successful, to try to stabilize the larynx.

Brachycephalic Dog Syndrome

What is a brachycephalic dog? What do these dogs have a tendency to suffer? The veterinarians of the Lardy Clinic explain to you what type of dogs are brachycephals and with what you have to take special care with these dogs.

"To begin with, we have to say that syndrome is" a set of symptoms that together characterize an abnormal disease or condition. " On the other hand tell you that brachycephalic dogs and cats are those that have the skull and, in particular, the shortened face and nose.

In this article we want to talk to you about this syndrome because for a while this breed is very fashionable for this part, such as: French Bulldog, English Bulldog, Carlino, Pekingese, Boxer, Shar Pei, Lhasa Apso, Shih Tzu, etc.

In all these brachycephalic races the crushed head shape is part of its characteristic, but the associated anatomical changes can be very problematic.

Brachycephalic animals, having a flat face and shorter nose bones, the anatomy of other tissues are forced to change due to the reduced space they have and this often causes the diameter of the nostrils to be smaller than Normally, they have a nasopharynx (area where the nasal cavity joins the throat) with abnormal shape and many more abnormalities.

Not all dogs of these breeds develop this syndrome, but some do and we have to know it to treat this problem.

This syndrome is an obstructive syndrome of the upper respiratory tract due to one or more abnormalities that may or may not be present in an animal.

Elongated palate of a brachycephalic dog

These anomalies can be:

- Severe narrowing of the nostrils.

- Elongated soft palate towards the back of the throat.

- Dragging into the respiratory tract of the laryngeal saccules as there is greater respiratory effort due to the comments on the nostrils and the soft palate.

- Smaller diameter of the trachea.

One or more of these abnormalities make breathing difficult due to an increase in airway resistance and a greater effort required to inhale. In addition, if no action is taken, more anomalies may arise over the originals over time.

The symptoms to which the owner must pay attention are the following:

- Breathing and / or noisy breathing

- Exercise intolerance (you get too tired for the exercise you do)

- Food reflux

- Difficulty to swallow

It is important to know if your pet has brachycephalic syndrome because it is predisposed to a series of problems related to the narrowing of the airways such as:

- More likely to suffer "heat stroke" as dogs are kept cool through breathing. Dogs with this syndrome should avoid high temperature situations.

- Increased anesthetic risk because there is a smaller diameter of the airways.

The carlino is another example of a brachycephalic dog

If we have a brachycephalic pet and we notice any anomaly mentioned above, we must go to our veterinarian because if they are initially diagnosed there are treatments to improve this syndrome and avoid further complications that limit the quality of life of our pet. ”

What are brachycephalic dogs?

Brachycephalic dogs, that is, Bulldogs, Carlino, Boxer, Shar Pei, or Shih Tzu, among other breeds, are characterized by having a flat head. The nasal bones are much shorter than they should be, so the size of the nostrils is small. Thus, these animals run the risk of suffering a union between the nasal cavity and the throat.

He brachycephalic dog syndrome It is a disease of these peculiar dogs. The upper airways become clogged due to the anomalies that your face presents: very narrow nostrils, elongated soft palate towards the back of the throat, and a trachea with less diameter The one you should have are just some of the most common problems you may have.

How to take care of them?

If we have one of them at home it will be very important that let's not do much exercise, much less during the hottest months since they cannot regulate their body temperature correctly by not being able to breathe normally. For this reason, too we need to avoid stress and anxiety, and that let's give him a soft diet, such as cans for dogs of high quality (without cereals).

Also, if we see that you have trouble breathing, we must take it urgently to the vet.

In this way, our furry can lead a very good life at our side.

What breeds of brachycephalic dogs exist?

Brachiocephalic Syndrome is the obstruction of the upper respiratory tract. This problem is suffered by all dogs that have a flat snout. You should know that these races live less time than the others due to their clinical condition:

1. English bulldog

Originally from the United Kingdom during the 17th century, it is a robust, strong and muscular animal. The current English Bulldog is more “chubby” than the old. It served as a breed to create the Boxer, Bullterrier and Bullmastiff. It belongs to the group of molossians, it has thick shoulders, large head, short body, droopy lips and face with folds. The coat is short white, beige, brindle or reddish.

Another of the most popular brachycephalic dogs, arose in Germany at the end of the 19th century and is of the medium-sized molous type Because of the type and size of the skull, it cannot always bark and also makes breathing noises. The Boxer arises through the cross of two extinct breeds: Brabant Bullenbeisser and Old Bulldog. It is considered potentially dangerous in some countries, such as Spain.

It is a very faithful, active, vigilant animal, and that you need physical activity to channel your energy. He is quite docile with his family, but can be territorial and dominant with other dogs. It needs to be socialized from a puppy.

3. French Bulldog

Although this breed was born in France, it also developed in France at the end of the 19th century (during the Industrial Revolution). He was subsequently taken to the United States and today It is a very popular dog in the West.

Moloso small size, muscular, small tail and bat ears, the French Bulldog has a flat nose, a broad square head and a wrinkled forehead. It is very quiet, barks little, adapts to a floor, does not withstand heat and snores a lot when sleeping due to its condition.

4. Pug or Carlino

Of Chinese origin (but "thrown into stardom" in France), this small one of the molosoid type It is one of the most popular in the world and, at the same time, it is in the group of brachycephalic dogs. It is compact in appearance, has a solid body covered with folds, large dark eyes and a curly tail. You can have the brown or black mantle and the muzzle is always dark. Not at all aggressive, he loves to play and can be somewhat suspicious of strangers.

5. Boston Terrier

This dog is friendly and obedient ideal for company and low maintenance due to its short fur arose in the United States. The Boston Terrier is small in size, has a flat nose, large, pointed ears, eyes wide and separated from each other and short tail like their legs.

6. Shih Tzu

This race of Chinese Tibet is much appreciated in Eastern culture because it is an excellent guardian despite its small size. It arises from the cross between a Pekingese and a Lhasa Apso and one of its main characteristics is that it has a long and thin coat, especially on the face (including beard and mustache). Docile, sociable, affectionate, always alert and distrustful of strangers, the Shih Tzu is another of the brachycephalic dogs.

7. Pekingese

This ancient race emerged in the Chinese capital, Beijing, and derives from the woolly of Tibet. For centuries they were only mascot of the Imperial Family and the High Nobility and their exportation was prohibited. The first copies were taken to Europe by Queen Victoria of England in 1860. The Pekingese or Pekingese does not bark excessively, although he is a good guardian, he likes the comfort of home, he does not like the exercise (he does not need it too much) and can't stand being alone.

8. Lhasa Apso

The last breed of brachycephalic dogs is also oriental and of Tibetan origin, characterized by its long fur around the head, as if it were a miniature lion. In their country they are a symbol of good luck and preferred by monks. Small in size, the Lhasa Apso requires continuous brushing and its fur can be gold, black, sand, honey, white or gray.




How much does an operation cost?

Hello Federico, it depends on the dog, the specific problem and the country in which you are. In Spain it can be around 400-600 euros.

I don't know what the hell my picture of my bulldog is doing on this page, I hope they give me explanations if I won't be happy to report this page

Guiller Ibáñez says

Hi Javier, what picture do you mean? I'm afraid you're wrong ...

Maria Diaz says

I like dogs so much that I want to know about their diseases

Hi Maria, that's a very good idea. The more we know, the better we will take care of our dogs. Greetings! 🙂

Taimi Marrero says

I would like to see a video of a dog with brachycephalus and one with micro filming
Well, I really like the information they provide.

Ok, but a doubt, when you say micro film, you mean the microfilarial parasite, right?