Animals

April veterinary advice: how to heal wounds to dogs and cats?

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Before proceeding to explain the home remedies to heal wounds in more effective dogs, we must follow a series of steps in order to ensure proper healing. To do this, the first thing we must do is identify the type of wound, the following being the most common:

  • Cuts.
  • Damaged nails.
  • Bites of other dogs.
  • Scratches of cats.
  • Burns.

In any of the cases, we can apply the remedies as a first aid or natural treatment provided that the wounds produced are mild or moderate. If your dog has a wound in live meat, seriously infected or very deep, the intervention of the veterinarian will be necessary. Once cured by the specialist, you can accompany the stipulated treatment with natural remedies.

  1. We clean the wound perfectly with warm water or physiological serum. If there is any type of foreign body or substance, such as soil or crystals, we will carefully remove them and using tweezers if necessary.
  2. We disinfect with hydrogen peroxide, never with alcohol. To finish removing any rest, we can moisten a gauze with the liquid and exert small soft touches on the wound.
  3. We let the wound aerate watching the animal to prevent licking or restraint.
  4. We cover the wound with gauze Without exerting a lot of pressure.
  5. We went to the vet depending on the severity of the wound.

As we said, for more superficial wounds, after the first first aid we can make use of a series of home remedies that will allow us to accelerate the healing process. In more serious wounds, we can also apply some of them but it will be essential to visit the specialist later.

Sugar to cure her>

Sugar is one of the most used natural products for the healing of injuries in humans and animals due to its multiple healing properties. According to studies published by experts in veterinary medicine, the most prominent effects of sugar are the following:

  • Promotes expulsion of dead tissue while enhancing cell regeneration and creating granular tissue (a type of fibrous connective tissue whose function is to fill wounds).
  • Help dry wounds absorbing excess moisture, a fact that has led many professionals to use this natural remedy to fight ulcers and similar wounds.
  • Reduce edema or prevents its appearance due precisely to the previous point.
  • It acts as a potent bactericide fighting its reproduction in wounds. In addition to having antibacterial properties, sugar is antiseptic, so it prevents the development of infections or treats them by enhancing the elimination of the causative microorganisms.

For all the above, we see how sugar helps heal wounds in dogs while fighting infections and decreases inflammation in the area. Its effectiveness is such that it can be used even to treat more serious or deeper lesions (such as those already mentioned ulcers), as long as the veterinarian has previously approved. In this way, sugar acts on open wounds, deep wounds and milder wounds. But how should we apply it? Below we detail the most used methods.

Sprinkle sugar directly on the dog's wound

If the dog's wound is superficial, shallow or slight, as a first aid we can sprinkle directly granulated or powdered sugar. To do this, we will follow these simple steps:

  1. We disinfect the wound.
  2. We cover the wound completely with sugar.
  3. Once the sugar layer is applied, we cover the wound without removing the sugar with gauze and bandage, exerting slight pressure to ensure that the home remedy has its effect.
  4. We leave the remedy on for a few hours, without exceeding 12 hours.
  5. To change it, we clean the wound again, disinfect it and repeat these steps.

In cases of very serious injuries, you should go to the veterinarian. And if we can not go at that time for whatever reason, we can apply any of the home remedies to heal wounds in dogs after disinfecting the injury and visit the specialist as soon as possible.

Prepare sugar paste

Although today we find this healing paste, it is always better to opt for the homemade version, without chemicals and completely natural. Fondant is suitable for all types of wounds in dogs, however, it is important to remember that in very serious cases you must go to the veterinarian. The steps to do it are:

  1. We heat 100 ml of water.
  2. When it reaches the first boil, we remove it from the heat.
  3. We add 250 grams of sugar and mix to dissolve it.
  4. We let it cool and apply it on the wound after cleaning and disinfecting it.
  5. We bandage the wound with the remedy on and change the bandage after 10-12 hours.

If we have leftover sugar paste, we can reserve it in a tightly sealed jar. Of course, we do not recommend keeping this solution for more than one day, it is best to prepare it again every time we use it.

What if the dog's wound is infected?

Depending on the type and degree of infection, we can also use sugar to treat it due to its already mentioned properties. However, if there is necrotic (dead) tissue, debridement should be performed. This process can be done manually, however, taking into account that it can be very painful for the animal, we advise you to do it a specialist. That said, and if there is no necrotic tissue, the first thing we should do is clean the wound well and disinfect it. Then, we apply one of the two previous remedies, sell the wound and let it act for hours. We will change the bandage and the sugar following the instructions of the specialist, since the time between cleanings can vary depending on the type of injury.

Honey to cure her>

As with sugar, honey is a powerful natural healing agent used for centuries. Due to their antibacterial, soothing and antiseptic properties, and its ability to stimulate the regeneration of granular tissue and epithelium, promotes healing and accelerates the process without resorting to commercial ointments. Of course, to ensure that the desired effects arise, it is essential, first, to go to the veterinarian to consider if it is necessary to use medications to relieve pain, for example, and second, to be constant in care.

Honey can be used to heal wounds in dogs of a more or less mild nature, infected, burns, ulcers and deeper lesions, provided they are not very large. If there is necrotic tissue, it will be essential to visit the specialist to proceed with its removal and set the guidelines for the application of honey to heal the wound. To use honey as a healing agent, these steps should be followed:

  1. Clean and disinfect the wound well.
  2. Apply a layer of pure honey. It is very important to use a quality honey to ensure optimal results. In this sense, although there are many types of honey that exist, studies show that manuka honey is one of the most recommended for its potent antimicrobial properties.
  3. Cover the lesion with gauze and bandage, exerting slight pressure to act the remedy.
  4. Leave on during the hours stipulated by the veterinarian.
  5. Make the change of bandage by carefully removing the bandage, allowing the wound to air a little and repeating all the steps.

Depending on the type of wound, the bandage can be changed once a day or every few hours. Also, depending on the severity, honey to heal wounds in dogs can have its effect in days or weeks.

Aloe vera to heal her>

Aloe Vera is one of the most used plants in medicine for the creation of drugs and natural remedies for therapeutic purposes. Due to its multiple health properties, its popularity has spread throughout every corner of the planet, even reaching the animal world and becoming one of the best remedies to heal wounds in dogs. Its healing capacity comes from one of its main ingredients, acemannan, a mucopolysaccharide with potent anti-inflammatory, soothing and stimulating properties of cell proliferation, a fact that promotes regeneration of damaged tissue and accelerates the wound healing process.

To apply this natural remedy, simply follow these steps:

  • Cut a leaf of the plant, keeping in mind that the closest to the earth are the oldest and, therefore, the ones with the greatest properties.
  • Make a longitudinal cut to open the blade along and extract the pulp.
  • If the pulp is too thick, mix it with a little water.
  • Clean and disinfect the wound.
  • Apply the aloe vera gel covering it completely.
  • Place a clean gauze and bandage for the ointment to take effect.
  • Change the bandage following the instructions of the specialist and let the wound breathe before repeating all the steps.

In addition to helping the wound heal, aloe vera soothe itching and relieve pain, in addition to avoiding a possible infection. On the other hand, this wonderful plant also has antifungal properties, so it is perfect for healing wounds caused by fungi.

Calendula cream to heal her>

Calendula is another of the most popular plants in alternative medicine, especially for wound healing and all types of skin lesions due to its antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, soothing, analgesic and healing properties. To be able to use this plant and cure sores in dogs, open wounds or other injuries, it will be necessary to prepare first marigold oil. To do this, we will follow these steps:

  1. We take a handful of marigold flowers and clean them well.
  2. We introduce them in a sterilized jar and cover them completely with extra virgin olive oil.
  3. We close the jar and let the oil macerate in a place free of moisture and dark for 40 days.
  4. After time, strain the oil.

As we probably will not have 40 days to treat our dog's wound, we will have no choice but to buy the prepared oil, always making sure we get a natural one. Once achieved, we will prepare a simple cream that we will use to cover the wound, moisturize it and promote tissue regeneration. To do this healing ointment for dogs we will do the following:

  1. We heat the marigold oil to the water bath.
  2. Add 5 grams of beeswax and mix until dissolved.
  3. We pass the solution to a jar with a tight seal.
  4. We allow it to cool completely before covering the jar.

Now that we have ready-made marigold cream, it is as simple as cleaning and disinfecting the wound or injury, applying a layer of cream, covering the wound and bandaging. We will make the bandage changes according to the veterinarian's instructions and we will never leave the remedy for more than 12 hours, unless the specialist indicates otherwise. We will reserve the cream in a place free of humidity for a maximum week.

When should I go to the vet

As we pointed out at the beginning of the article, you should go to the veterinarian whenever the dog presents very deep wounds, in live meat, infected or with a large amount of dead tissue, such as those produced by third and fourth degree burns. For this last case, it is necessary to carry out a debridement, process of elimination of non-living tissue by a specialist. If we carry out this task ourselves, we run the risk of making the wound worse and further damaging the animal.

If we are clear that we have to go to the specialist but, at that time, we cannot access the consultation, then one of the remedies mentioned above should be applied as a first aid until we can attend the clinic.

This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Home remedies to heal wounds in dogsWe recommend that you enter our section on Home Remedies.

My dog ​​or cat has a wound, is it serious?

When the cat or dog suffers an injury, the gravity must be analyzed. but it is not always easy check the wound, since not all dogs or cats allow an exploration of your wound in detail and in a quiet way. In these cases, lend a hand Elizabethan muzzle or necklace It will be helpful to explore the injury smoothly.

If the cut is deep, can cause problems after the animal, so it is advisable to go to the veterinarian as soon as possible. "Wounds and scratches in felines are very frequent, but a poorly cured and covered cut will favor the appearance of bacteria that infect the cut, which will aggravate the wound," explains veterinarian Vicki Thayer of the Winn Cats Foundation, a collective that He has carried out a study on the wounds in the mininos and the possible consequences for their health.

The infection of the wound, in addition, will soon appear. The first signs of contamination are shown only 12 or 24 hours after the cut occurs.

Clinical case

“Water activity” (Aw) is the minimum concentration of water required in the environment of a microorganism for it to reproduce. Sugar creates a medium with low water content (high osmolarity) since water and lymph migration out of the tissue to the sugar solution is generated, inhibiting bacterial growth by decreasing the Aw of the substrate. Lymph in turn provides nutrients to the tissue.

Sugar also attracts macrophages that participate in wound cleansing, accelerates the detachment of devitalized, necrotic and / or gangrenous tissue, provides a local energy source and forms a protective protective layer in the wound.

The use of honey and its benefits in wound healing have been recorded, despite its very sweet consistency, which "tires" the owner when he must perform the cures, he does not usually use it in daily practice.

Advantages of sugar and honey
The advantages of using sugar and honey are:

  • Rapid antibacterial action.
  • They promote tissue formation and epithelialization, which has been histologically proven (Dr Lightower, Bs As-Argentina).
  • Accelerate wound healing.
  • Accessible and cheap.
  • Avoid using a systemic antibiotic for a long time, unless there is bacteremia. In general, in 2 to 4 days the wounds are clean (5 to 7 days in the severely infected).
  • There are no adverse reactions and no side effects have been demonstrated in diabetic animals.

In addition, sugar can be used in unlimited variety of wounds such as infected, post-surgical, self-mutilation, burns, traumatic, diabetic, bedsores, peritonitis and cavity lesions.

But, above all, in wounds where after trauma, there is not enough skin to cover the wound and it serves as a valid alternative to plastic surgery.

Clinical case
The case we treat in our clinic is a male, castrated, Podenco, one year old and weighing 26 kg, who came to the consultation with a lacerated wound in the right hind limb after an accident with a car.

At the time of the accident, the tendons were visible and bleeding heavily.

The area was cleaned with soap and water with gauze, to remove the grass and gravel left in the wound.

Next, we prescribe amoxicillin + ac. Clavulanic, at a rate of 1.5 tablets every 12 h, 10 days, firocoxib 227 mg: 1 tablet daily for 10 days, to control pain, and bandage with granulated sugar (white sugar) covering the wound.

The first week the dog was monitored on interspersed days, indicating to the owner the daily change of the bandage.

Although compliance was not 100%, because sometimes he avoided doing the bandage, (the owner reported that the wound had bled when removed, and the dog complained), improvement was observed and there were no signs of infection. The dog was active, with good appetite and temperature within normal.

The support of the leg was improving and although it avoided the support in station, when running it used the leg.

Currently, the application has been suspended with sugar, as the skin has already covered the tendon and muscular structures. As there is some itching it has been changed to a cream with antibiotics and corticosteroids and with recommendations to prevent the area from being licked.

Next, the evolution of the wound can be observed between the day the animal was treated for the first time and the 20 days of treatment.

Appearance of the animal's leg on day 1 of treatment.

Appearance of the animal's leg on day 2 of treatment.

At eight days, the wound begins to close gradually.

20 days after starting treatment.

Course notes on uses of sugar in wounds, taught by Dr. Lightower, UBA Faculty, Bs As-Argentina.

"Advances in the treatment of wounds in small animals", Dr. Steven Schwaim (DVM, MS) and Dr Mark Bohling (DVM, PhD, Dipl ACVS).

My pet is bleeding, is it serious?

Bleeding wounds in dogs and cats may require special attention before cleaning. Exert continuous pressure on the bleeding area, with the help of gauze or dressingFor several minutes, it will help reduce fluid loss. A clean gauze can be used to absorb the remains of blood. In any case, if the bleeding does not stop or is excessive, it will be convenient to go to the veterinarian.

How to clean the wound of the dog or feline?

The wound must be clean it with serum and remove debris that could have been stuck. "The most important thing to heal a wound is to clean it, remove the remains of dirt that may have adhered to the cut and check that there is no foreign object," says the Madrid Association of Veterinarians of Pets.

An advice is to remove the excess fur from the area, scissor the hair of the animal - with care - in the affected area. Afterwards, the wound must be cleaned with the help of abundant physiological serum and a clean gauze. The liquid will drag the dirt that has been retained in the wound, while the gauze, handled delicately, allows to remove the remains of sand or dry skin more resistant.

In the case of wounds in dogs Cleaning the wound with soap and water from the affected area is important. Washing the wound should continue for about two minutes, with warm water, around 39 ° C. This cleaning will be used to remove possible bacteria or remains of materials that are in the cut.

How to disinfect the animal's wound?

A wound can be painful for the dog or cat and can also become inflamed. Therefore, a little bit of ice wrapped in a towel Over the area helps reduce pain as well as swelling. You have to wrap the ice in a cloth so that it does not stick to the wound of the animal. After, it is due disinfect it with an iodine antiseptic diluted.

In the case of canines the same amount of iodine and water antiseptic should be poured into a clean canister and stir to mix.

For the felines"The most adequate proportion to disinfect the wound is to dissolve a part of iodine solution in nine of water, with a ratio of 1:10," explains veterinarian Natalia Pérez. If you have doubts about the proportions, it is convenient to ask the trusted veterinarian. How to do this at home? "The key is to take a container, fill it with water and pour a stream of iodine. The mixture will be prepared when the water acquires the tone of the solution of iodine, yellowish, lightly," adds the expert. This will be enough to disinfect the feline wound. The reason is that these products are designed to be used by people and the human pH is very different from the pH of the cat (more basic).

How to let the animal's wound dry?

As a general rule, the wound should dry uncovered, although at first, the veterinarian can apply a bandage. To ensure that the dog or cat does not suck the area, it is convenient wear an Elizabethan necklace, which surrounds the animal's head and prevents it from accessing the wound with its mouth, thus preventing the animal from moistening or damaging the wound.

When to repeat the wound healing?

The cures of minor wounds in dogs and felines must be repeated once a day - and better at the same time-, in this way it is kept free of dirt and its healing is favored. Excessive cleaning will prevent scarring, as the skin will soften.

The process must be repeated daily during One week or ten days. After this period, it is advisable to return to the veterinarian for a review This will recommend whether to follow the cures or not.

Battle uphill

To treat a wound in this way, all you have to do, says Marandu, is to put sugar in it and apply a bandage over it. The granules absorb moisture that allows the development of bacteria. Without bacteria, the wound heals faster.

Evidence of all this was discovered thanks to Murandu tests in the laboratory. And a growing collection of case studies around the world support their findings, including examples of successful sugar treatments on antibiotic resistant wounds.

Funding for future research could help Murandu achieve its ultimate goal: convince the NHS to use sugar as an alternative to antibiotics.

But a large part of medical research is funded by pharmaceutical companies. And these companies, he says, have little to gain by paying for research on something they can't patent.

The sugar that Murandu uses is the simple and granulated type that you could use to sweeten your coffee or tea. In the same tests in vitro, found that there were no differences when using cane or beet sugar. Unrefined brown sugar, on the other hand, was not as effective.

Pilot tests

The pilot test showed that some strains of bacteria grew in low concentrations of sugar, but these were completely inhibited in high concentrations. Murandu began recording case studies in Zimbabwe, Botswana and Lesotho (where he trained for the first time as a nurse). Among these cases is that of a woman from Harare.

"The woman's foot had been measured, I was ready to be amputated, when my nephew called me," Murandu said. "She had had a terrible wound for five years and the doctor wanted to amputate. I told her to wash the wound, to apply sugar, to leave it and repeat."

"The woman still has her leg."

This, he says, is an example of why there is so much interest in his methods, particularly in parts of the world where people can't pay antibiotics.

Murandu has so far conducted clinical studies in 41 patients in United Kingdom. He has not yet published the test results, but he has presented them at national and international conferences.

One question that he had to answer during his investigation was whether sugar could be used in diabetic patients, who commonly suffer from leg and foot ulcers. Diabetics need to control the level of glucose in their blood so this is not an obvious method of healing for them.

But he discovered that it worked for diabetics without firing their glucose levels: "Sugar is sucrose and you need the enzyme sucrose to convert it to glucose."

As sucrose is found in the body, only when sugar is absorbed does it convert. Applying it to the outside of the wound will not affect the same way.

Animal treatment

While Murandu continues his research in patients, across the Atlantic, the American veterinarian Maureen McMichael has used this method of healing in animals for years.

McMichael of the Veterinary Education Hospital at the University of Illinois first began using sugar and honey to treat pets in 2002.

What attracted him was a combination of the simplicity of the method and the low cost, especially for pet owners who could not afford the usual method of taking the animal to the hospital and using sedatives.

McMichael says they still have sugar and honey in the office and often use them in dogs and cats (and occasionally in farm animals). Honey has healing properties similar to those of sugar (one study even found that it is more effective in inhibiting the growth of bacteria), although it is more expensive.

"We've had some really great successes with this," said McMichael. He gave as an example the case of a street dog that came to them after being used as a "bait", hung from a harness and being attacked by pit bulls trained to fight. The dog arrived with more than 40 bites on each limb and was cured in eight weeks.

"It was from the street, so there was no money for it. We treated it with honey and sugar and it reacted very well," McMichael said. "Now it is fully cured."

In addition to being cheaper, sugar has another point in favor: the more antibiotics we use, we become more resistant to them.

Murandu's plan is to open a private clinic using its sugar method. He hopes that one day the sugar will be commonly used, not only by the NHS, but by public hospitals in other countries where he has worked.

He continues to receive regular emails from around the world asking for his advice and guidance to patients remotely. Your most distant clients send you photos of your results along with a thank you when they have healed.

It is an old method, used unofficially by poor people in developing countries, but it was until it came to the United Kingdom that Murandu realized the importance that sugar could have in the medical world.

He sees it as a mixing your local knowledge with modern research facilities British

"Like sugar, knowledge came purely from Zimbabwe, it was refined here, and now it goes back to help people in Africa."

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Able to boost our immune system

If we apply it directly to the wound, although it is mixed with any other product, it can be very helpful so that we can stimulate each of the area defenses that has been affected, so that the healing process can be achieved very quickly.

How to make a paste based on sugar to heal the wounds of dogs?

This is a natural origin treatment that we can use to heal wounds in dogs, which in turn we can apply in two different ways, we can use granulated sugar, which in other words means that it is the commercial sugar that we normally use or we can use what It is the supersaturated sugar solution.

The commercial presentation we can use directly and above the lesion, after we have cleaned properly and in turn it is disinfected, but in the case of the solution, we must first prepare it and in the same way we have to apply it on the wound.

In the case that we have to prepare the sugar paste so that we can use it as a treatment for wounds, we can follow each of these steps:

  1. First we heat 200 ml of water and once we see that it is boiling we separate it from the fire.
  2. Then add about 500g of sugar and then stir until everything has dissolved.
  3. We let it cool to room temperature.
  4. Then we can use it directly.

It is important to remember that this is something that we cannot reserve in an airtight way.

The ingredient has properties that eliminate bacteria

The home treatments, beyond having a scientific backing or not, many times they surprise by their level of effectiveness in the health of a human being. And what better if it is accessible and cheap, as is the use of sugar to heal wounds.

Moses Murando, a medical researcher in the United Kingdom, linked the knowledge of his native Africa with science and concluded that sugar has properties similar to those of an antibiotic.

What role does sugar play?

Murandu has conducted clinical studies in 41 patients and presented their results sugar as an antibiotic in international conferences.

Their tests showed that when sugar is put on a wound, its granules absorb moisture, which causes bacteria to die and reduces infection.

The ingredient could become a solution for low-income people or in cases where a wound does not respond to antibiotics.

How to use sugar in a wound?

Sugar, according to studies, has to be simple and granulated, like the one used at home, be it cane or beet. However, it is not advisable to use unrefined brown sugar, due to its low effectiveness.

  1. First you should wash the wound well, then apply the ingredient gently and place a bandage on top.
  2. Depending on the size and degree of infection, you should repeat the process daily until healing begins.
  3. Gradually, the damaged tissue will break off and the sugar will act as a protective layer in the wound, in addition to providing protein.

And in the case of diabetics?

The studies confirmed that the treatment works in diabetic patients without altering blood glucose levels.

Sugar (sucrose) needs the enzyme sucrose to become glucose and this process occurs in the body, so the application abroad does not affect it in the same way.

Treatment for animals with sugar

The specialists have also presented very optimistic results for the pet wound treatment With sugar as a disinfectant.

For example, at the Hospital of Veterinary Education at the University of Illinois, dogs and cats have been treated with sugar since 2002.

Between the benefits of sugar that have been demonstrated in animals, is it so:

  • Rapid antibacterial action
  • Accelerate healing
  • New tissue formation
  • Avoid using antibiotic for a long time

Recuerda que, así como el azúcar tiene grandes utilidades, no está de más asistir a un profesional, si el caso verdaderamente necesita de atención médica.

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