Animals

How long is the zeal in bitches: we tell you!

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Female dogs are "in heat" when they enter the fertile period of their reproductive cycle. The heat lasts approximately 3 weeks so it usually goes into heat every 6 - 8 months. In most races, the first period of heat occurs at about 6 months of age, but may occur earlier or later.

It can usually be identified by mild bleeding from the vagina, swollen vulva or increased urination. However, bleeding in bitches is not too strong and in a small dog it may even go unnoticed.

Unwanted attention

The first thing you will notice if your dog enters into heat is that it attracts non-castrated males in a very large radius. His behavior will also change so if he doesn't normally let the males ride it, being almost in heat he will almost certainly allow it. In addition, males are able to reach surprising extremes to meet a female in heat.

While your dog is in heat it is not recommended to leave it unattended and you will have to wear it with the leash every time you take it for a walk. In general, the owners of other dogs with whom they can control their dogs, but the smell of a female in heat can cause aggressive behavior in some dogs.

Hemorrhage

The second cause for concern is bleeding. If your dog loses enough blood to get dirty, you may want to limit her to areas with carpet-free floors that are easy to clean. Except in cases where you want to engage in breeding, it is best to sterilize it.

Sterilization will prevent you from getting into heat. There are some controversies about the best age to sterilize your dog. Some veterinarians recommend letting the dog have a period of heat, on the contrary, others perform sterilization at 6 months. Ask your veterinarian what measures are right for your dog.

Clarification on heat in dogs

To start, we want to clarify that the zeal occurs in both male and female dogs. In both cases, when their reproductive organs mature is when this stage arrives. However, it does not occur at the same rate in both cases.

As usual, the females reach their sexual maturity before the males, between 6 and 8 months, compared to 2 or 3 years of male puppies. In addition, the process of heat does not affect dogs and bitches equally.

Now, we will focus on the duration of zeal in females.

How long does the heat in the bitches last and what are their phases

As we said, the zeal in bitches arrives relatively soon, around 6-8 months depending on the breed, although in large females it may take longer.

The heat period is understood as a cycle composed of several phases. Usually it is summarized in 4 Of which, the bitch will be zealous in the phases known as proestro and estrus.

When a bitch goes into heat, this It can last from 15 days (minimum) to 4 weeks. It is very variable, since the breed or health conditions of the dog can affect.

What is certain is that they occur two very important parts.

The first week coincides with the aforementioned proestro. At this time the vulva of the dog swells and can start having a little bleeding.

In the second week ovulation arrives. The dog's attitude can change and become more prone to look for males and want to be close to them.

It is from this week in which the dog will enter her fertile days and can get pregnant. If we say that the first day of heat is when the dog bleeds, it is estimated that his most fertile days are between 10-17 days of heat.

Then would come the metaestro or right handed phase. If the dog has become pregnant, this will be the longest phase, since includes pregnancy and lactation. Finally, it would arrive the anestro phase, which would be the sexual rest phase.

Decisions in front of your dog's zeal

If we want to clarify the doubt about how long the heat in dogs lasts, also It is necessary to know that it is normal to have zeal every 6 months (twice a year), but, as we have said, depending on the dog the heat can be shorter or longer, so there are those who only have the heat once a year.

Now that you know how long the heat in bitches lasts, it's time to take it into account to make decisions when caring for your pet.

If you don't want your dog to have puppies, you should consider sterilizing it. It is the best option for unwanted litters.

In addition, with the sterilization the terrible ones will also be avoided psychological pregnancies, in which the dog has a really bad time.

The five signs of help you should recognize in your dog

Puberty in dogs comes close to six months of age and, as of this moment, its estrous cycle is repeated every six to eight months, different from what happens with women, as these are repeated every month. During this period, the only change we are going to notice occurs during the so-called ‘zeal’, at which time? Surely? Some of our routines will change.

At the beginning of the heat, the females present a bleeding and release pheromones to attract the males, this phase is called proestro and lasts about 7 to 10 days. Then, a second period called estrus occurs that usually lasts the same time, although this time may vary depending on the organism of each dog. This will continue to release pheromones and will also be receptive to the copula. In some dogs these two phases may take up to five weeks.

Normal behavior associated with heat

It is common that during this time hormonal changes alter the behavior of our spouses. Some become apathetic, while others become more affectionate. We will also see on the street that both the level of activity, as the number of urination will be increased and this is simply to get the attention of the males.

In some cases we can find doggies that become less tolerant and are aggressive with strangers or household members. In addition, it is usually common to develop psychological pregnancies a few weeks after finishing the heat.

Dogs, especially youngsters, are very sensitive to detection. of sex pheromones, generating an increase in urine marking, aggressiveness towards other males and the search for females, often forgetting the call commands and love for their family.

Management during heat

The first thing we can try is to teach him how to wear panties, taking into account that every time they are dirty we should clean our pet and put some clean ones. If we fail to do so, we can designate a space for it that is easy to clean, and where we make sure that no male has access, however, we must avoid enclosing it for a long time, since we can generate other behavior problems such as destruction or excessive barking.

Your walking routine should continue, but you should always go on a leash and not frequent places where there are many dogs, because in an oversight they can ride it or it can generate fights between males and, even, cause hairy people to lose their homes for being looking To our dog. To avoid being disturbed in excess It is useful to wash the perianal region and apply mentholated essences that confuse the detection of pheromones by males.

Prevention

To avoid the inconvenience of jealousy, I recommend sterilizing your pet. After surgery they will not have to deal with what was mentioned before. Also, if it's done around the first heat, The future risk of breast cancer and other diseases will decrease. Above all, we will contribute our grain of sand by not bringing more puppies to a world where there are thousands looking for home. As always, if in doubt, consult with your veterinarian.

Tipsto handle the zeal at home

Underpants

Teach him to wear underwear, remember to perform several cleanings and changes a day.

Designate a safe zone

Find an easy-to-clean area where she can stay, be sure to offer her toys to her liking and remove anything that could damage. Males are prohibited in this area.

Avoid unwanted pregnancies

Separate your female from the males of the house and the outside for a minimum of 28 days, in case of accident go to your veterinarian.

The walks

They are still necessary, but avoid contact with males and visit places with many dogs.

Decrease odor

You can bathe his perianal area twice a day, apply menthol essences or administer chlorophyll orally.

Avoid stimulating males

Keeping the windows closed and cleaning the places of access to the house daily, can help avoid Romeos urinating and waiting for his Juliet.

Increase activity at home

Make games and practice training exercises that help compensate for the lack of activity you have during the walks or your attendance at school.

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